The Saree is a long piece of fabric which is approximately 6 to 9 yards in length. It comprises of 3 parts:
The first part is the Pallu, which is the end of the Saree. Its usually the most fanciest part of the Saree and is draped over the shoulder.
The second part is the body of the Saree (middle part). From the middle part is where the pleats are folded into the petticoat.
The last part is the inner end/edge of the Saree. This part is the first part of the Saree that should be tucked into the petticoat.
The fitted top worn under a saree is known as a blouse. It’s also called choli and varies in looks.
Petticoats have many different names throughout different regions of India but for our understanding let’s call it an “Underskirt”. Petticoats are straight skirts worn under the Saree. The petticoat are worn to not only to give the saree a structure around your body but it also holds up the entire Saree as you are tucking in the Saree into the petticoat. It can be of different materials and even have pleats at the edge.
Fabric can be described as different types of material naturally or artificially created to make a “Saree”. These materials are dyed to obtain vibrant colors. There are various types of fabrics available in market. Each fabric is unique in its own way, below are descriptions of the types of fabrics most commonly used to create a Saree:
Pure Georgette/Faux Georgette: Georgette is a sheer lightweight fabric, often made of silk or from such manufactured fibers as polyester with a crepe surface.
Pure Crepe/Faux Crepe: Crepe is a silk, wool, or polyester fabric of a gauzy texture, having a peculiar crisp or crimpy appearance.
Net: An openwork fabric made of threads or cords that are woven or knotted together at regular intervals.
Tissue: A fine transparent silk, used for veils, etc.; specifically, cloth interwoven with gold or silver threads, or embossed with figures.
Chiffon: A fabric of sheer silk or rayon.This is a very light weight fabric and brings a feminine touch to the garment.
Silk/Art Silk/Raw Silk: Silk is a natural protein fiber; out of it various form one can be woven into textiles. The shimmering effect makes it fall apart from other fabrics. Silk can be further classified into other forms.
Cotton: Cotton is a natural crop that is transformed into various forms out of which one is textiles. Cotton is a very soft fabric used in sarees for daily wear.
Velvet: Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric in which the cut threads are evenly distributed, giving it a distinctive feel.
Brocade: Brocade is a class of richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks. It gives a very rich and classy look.
Jacquard (Jakad) : Jacquard is simply a mixture of different fabrics with brocade.
Brasso: Brasso is a kind of art work created on sarees of various materials by embossing design with satin patch work.
Multi-Fabric: A saree blended with more than two types of material in order to create a different style is called a multi-Fabric
Kota/Super net: Kota is a form of cotton which is very light and airy. It is perfect summer wear.
Satin: Satin is a weave that typically has a glossy surface. A satin-woven fabric tends to have a high luster due to the high number of floats on the fabric
Buttas: Buttas are motifs that have been stitched and embroidered over an area of fabric.
Kali Style/Lengha Skirt Saree: A Kali Style/Legnha Skirt Saree is a ready to wear saree which doesn’t require any pleating of the skirt. The skirt usually has paneling which is embellished with different types of bhutas adorned with velvet or stones, etc.
Ombre: is a dying technique where color is graduated and shows through different shades and tones of the color.
Sarees are made in various materials and the beauty of the saree is enhanced by adding appropriate work on it. Different regions in India have their specialty of work for which they are well known. It is impossible to describe each and every type of Saree available, but we, have tried to put forward various forms of art work created on sarees. Hence, we have composed a pictorial description and written description for the most commonly used styles:
Bandhani: Bandhani is traditional art-work created with a concept of Tie-Dye.
Zardosi: Zardosi’ is a kind of workmanship created with a type of thread made of fine gold or silver wire used in traditional sarees.
Gota Work:Gota is unique embroidery where gold or silver thread ribbons are embroidered through applique technique to create patterns.
Kundan: Kundan are Indian gem stones which are placed on the sarees to give a jewelry effect.
Parsi work: Parsi work is a blend of floral work done with reshams threads.
Chikankari: Chikankari work is fine white cotton thread embroidery which is usually created in paisley or floral patterns.
Pitha Work: Pitha work is a traditional handcraft with golden or silver threads that are pressured to give an ethnic look to sarees.
Resham work: Resham work is where silk threads are used to hand-embroider various designs and motifs.
Sequins: Sequins are disk-shaped beads used for decorative purposes. They are available in a wide variety of colors and geometrical shapes.
Bead Work: Bead work is a small, decorative object that is usually pierced for threading or stringing.
Mirror Work: Mirror work consists of mirrors in different geometrical shapes brought together to give a dazzling effect.
Banarasi: Banarasi is a type of silk woven with gold/silver threads